Policy makers
Spatial planners
Business people

Detailed planning level

The most important planning aspects of climate change mitigation and adaptation on the detailed planning level are summarised in the table below. For each aspect it is indicated whether it deals with mitigation (M) or adaptation (A) of climate change. The most crucial planning aspects in the given level are underlined. On the right there are examples (in English) from detailed level planning cases collected in the BalticClimate project.


Local present and future climate

Planning for wind protection, taking microclimate into account (A)
Planning efficient storm-water management (A)
Minimising the risks of heat waves (A)
Analysing risks of soil frost damage to the infrastructure (A)

Compact and diverse structure

Identifying opportunities for new technologies and architectural innovations (M, A)
Using efficiently the existing area (M)
Using efficiently the existing infrastructure (M)
Utilising brownfields and old buildings (M)
Identifying locations for supplemental building (M)
Planning the infrastructure so that it also works in terms of future climate (A)
Planning different housing types (M, A)
Mixing the functions (M)
Securing viable pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure (M)


Creating solutions for high quality public spaces (M)
Reserving space for bicycle parking (M)
Minimising the need to travel (M)
Optimising the size and dimensions of the infrastructure (M)
Encouraging walking and cycling to everyday destinations (M)
Developing mobility plans (M)
Creating solutions for pedestrian areas (M)


Promoting energy efficiency (M)
Creating flexible solutions in buildings and areas (M, A)
Requiring environmentally friendly building materials (M)
Identifying local production (M)
Identifying local energy needs within the present and future climate (M, A)
Identifying and promoting sustainable and renewable energy sources (M)
Identifying areas suitable for production of renewable energy (M)
Planning energetically self-sufficient settlements and houses (M)
Minimising heat loss (M)
Planning efficient gray- and runoff water treatment (M)

Comfortable environment

Designing corridors for cooling air and shielding from wind (A)
Designing roof gardens (M, A)
Creating solutions for allotment gardens, community gardens (M, A)


Participation of residents (M, A)
Participation of landowners and developers (M, A)
Participation of politicians (M, A)
Participation of climatologists and other scientists (M, A)
Participation of the media (M, A)

Strategic planning

Directing new settlement development (M, A)
Identifying necessary changes/modifications in order to develop a more compact /functional area (M, A)
Identifying strategic needs for the region – demographical, economical, environmental etc. aspects (M, A)
Development of the economy (M, A)
Development of the transport network – roads, rail etc. (M, A)

Planning costs

Impact Assessment (M, A)
Costs related to dispersed structure, lack of  Costs related with strategic guidance (M, A)
Costs related to too many roads (M, A)
Costs related to overestimated attractiveness of the area (M, A)
Costs related to long distances to services (M, A)

See also:

» Regional planning level
» General planning level